Sediment transport observations in Swiss mountain streams

The Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL has extensive experience with surrogate bedload transport measurements. Then the first measuring site was established in the Erlenbach stream, a small (first-order) catchment in the pre-alpine valley Alptal in central Switzerland. The WSL observation station in the Erlenbach is a world-renowned sediment transport observatory. Continuous bedload transport measurements were started in 1986, using first piezoelectric sensors (1986 to 1999) and then geophone sensors (from 2002 onwards) underneath a steel plate and mounted flush with the streambed. In the meantime, the so-called Swiss plate geophone (SPG) system has been installed at more than 20 field sites, primarily in smaller and steeper streams in Switzerland, Austria, and Italy but also in a few larger rivers in Austria and in some other streams worldwide (Israel, USA, Japan). Sediment transport observations in Switzerland with the SPG system concern the following streams: Erlenbach near Brunni (Alptal valley), Albula at Tiefencastel, Navisence at Zinal, Avançon de Nant near Pont de Nant (see map).

Funding Information:

This work was supported by:
  • WSL, BAFU, SNSF, CREALP, UNIL, ETHZ

Related Publications

(A selection of related publications is listed here:)

Antoniazza, G., Nicollier, T., Wyss, C.R., Boss, S., Rickenmann, D., 2020. Bedload Transport Monitoring in Alpine Rivers: Variability in Swiss Plate Geophone Response. Sensors 2020, 20, 4089; doi:10.3390/s20154089.

Rickenmann, D., 2020. Effect of sediment supply on cyclic fluctuations of the disequilibrium ratio and threshold transport discharge, inferred from bedload transport measurements over 27 years at the Swiss Erlenbach stream. Water Resources Research, 56, e2020WR027741. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020WR027741

Rickenmann, D., 2017. Bed-load transport measurements with geophones and other passive acoustic methods. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 143(6), 03117004-1-14, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001300

Rickenmann, D., McArdell, B.W., 2007. Continuous measurement of sediment transport in the Erlenbach stream using piezoelectric bedload impact sensors. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 32, 1362–1378.

Rickenmann, D., Fritschi, B., 2010. Bedload transport measurements using piezoelectric impact sensors and geophones. Rep. SIR 2010-5091, U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations, Reston, VA,407–423.

Rickenmann, D., Turowski, J.M., Fritschi, B., Klaiber, A., Ludwig, A., 2012. Bedload transport measurements at the Erlenbach stream with geophones and automated basket samplers. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 37, 1000-1011, doi: 10.1002/esp.3225

Rickenmann, D., J. M. Turowski, B. Fritschi, C. Wyss, J. B. Laronne, R. Barzilai, I. Reid, A. Kreisler, J. Aigner, H. Habersack, 2014. Bedloadtransport measurements with impact plate geophones: Comparison of sensor calibration at different gravel-bed streams. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 39, 928–942, doi:10.1002/esp.3499.

Rickenmann, D., Antoniazza, G., Wyss, C.R., Fritschi, B., Boss, S., 2017. Bedload transport moni-toring with acoustic sensors in the Swiss Albula mountain river. Proc. IAHS, 375, 5-10, doi:10.5194/piahs-375-5-2017.

Wyss, C. R., Rickenmann, D., Fritschi, B., Turowski, J. M., Weitbrecht, V., Boes, R. M., 2016. Measuring bedload transport rates by grainsize fraction using the Swiss plate geophone at the Erlenbach. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 142(5), 1–11, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001090

Wyss, C. R., Rickenmann, D., Fritschi, B., Turowski, J. M., Weitbrecht, V., Boes, R. M., 2016. Laboratory flume experiments with the Swiss plate geophone bedload monitoring system. Part I: Impulse counts and particle size identification. Water Resources Research, 52(10), 7744–7759.

Wyss, C. R., Rickenmann, D., Fritschi, B., Turowski, J. M., Weitbrecht, V., Travaglini, E., Bardou, E., Boes, R. M., 2016. Laboratory flume experiments with the Swiss plate geophone bedload monitoring system: 2. Application to field sites with direct bedload samples. Water Resources Research, 52, 7760–7778, doi:10.1002/2016WR019283

Citation:

Rickenmann, Dieter; Antoniazza, Gilles; Nicollier, Tobias; Wyss, Carlos; Boss, Stefan; Fritschi, Bruno; Steeb, Nicolas; Badoux, Alexandre (2020). Sediment transport observations in Swiss mountain streams. EnviDat.

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Metadata

Field Values
DOI
Publication State
Authors
  • Email: dieter.rickenmannfoo(at)wsl.ch ORCID: 0000-0002-2205-892X Given Name: Dieter Family Name: Rickenmann Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Publication, Supervision
  • Email: gilles.antoniazzafoo(at)unil.ch Given Name: Gilles Family Name: Antoniazza Affiliation: UNIL Additional Affiliation : WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Software, Publication
  • Email: tobias.nicollierfoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Tobias Family Name: Nicollier Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Publication
  • Email: carlos.wyssfoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Carlos Family Name: Wyss Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Publication
  • Email: stefan.bossfoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Stefan Family Name: Boss Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Publication
  • Email: bruno.fritschifoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Bruno Family Name: Fritschi Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Software
  • Email: nicolas.steebfoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Nicolas Family Name: Steeb Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Supervision
  • Email: alexandre.badouxfoo(at)wsl.ch Given Name: Alexandre Family Name: Badoux Affiliation: WSL DataCRediT: Collection, Validation, Supervision
Contact Person Given Name: Dieter Family Name: Rickenmann Email: dieter.rickenmannfoo(at)wsl.ch Affiliation: WSL ORCID: 0000-0002-2205-892X
Subtitles
Publication Publisher: EnviDat Year: 2020
Dates
  • Type: Created Date: 2020-07-21 End Date: 2020-07-21
Version 1.0
Type dataset
General Type Dataset
Language English
Location Switzerland
Content License WSL Data Policy
Last Updated July 7, 2021, 07:33 (UTC)
Created July 21, 2020, 13:58 (UTC)